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The indicative mood is for ordinary, objective statements of fact. The present tense is used for incomplete habitual actions as well as for future intentions

Heads up! Japanese verbs do not change their form for gender or number see the examples below

The plain form of both class 1 and class 2 verbs is the same as the dictionary form

iku I go, they go, he/she/it goes, we go, I will go, they will go, he/she/it will go
miru I see, they see, he/she/it sees, we see, I will see, they will see, he/she/it will see

How to conjugate the Japanese present indicative tense

Class 1 / c-stem verbsPositiveNegative
Plain dictionary form stem + anai
Polite infinitive + masu
stem + imasu
change ending from "masu" to "masen"

Look out! There are some exceptions to the rules above for verbs ending in -au, -iu and -ou; for these you add a "w" to the stem before adding "anai" for the plain negative.

Class 2 / v-stem verbsPositiveNegative
Plain dictionary form stem + nai
Polite infinitive + masu
stem + masu
change ending from "masu" to "masen"

Example sentences for Japanese present infinite tense

When the weather is nice I go to the parkTenki ga ii to, koen ni ikimasu
Kuruma ga arimasen keredomo, unten dekimasuI don't have a car but I can drive
Rokuji made ni denwa ga dekimasu ka?Will you be able to phone by 6 o clock?
Dekiru kagari, doryoku shimasuI will try as much as is possible
I phoned instead of goingiku kawari ni denwa o shimashita
More examples for present indicative